CA Q. 23 WHAT is the specific "HOLDING" of this case? (I.e., what specifically did this court decide as to how the requisite intent for a "battery" can be proved?)

The court concluded that EVEN IF the plaintiff was unable to prove that Brian Dailey had no intent to injure her or to play a prank on her or to embarrass her by pulling the chair out from underneath her as she was about to sit in it, the plaintiff MIGHT still be able to establish the requisite intent for a "battery" IF she proves that when Brian pulled the chair out he had knowledge to a " substantial certainty" that the plaintiff was about to sit in the place where the chair had been.
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